District Syllabus
Pharmacology/Dental Office Emergencies

Credit Hours: 2
Contact Hours: 2
Laboratory Fee: None.
Prerequisites: DEH1802 Dental Hygiene II
Corequisites: There are no corequisites for this course.
Catalog Description:
A study of drugs and anesthetics used in dentistry with emphasis on 
therapeutic and adverse effects. Route of administration, 
absorption, metabolism and excretion of drugs will be studied as 
well. Management of dental office medical emergencies will be an 
important component of this course.
Required Materials: Supplies:
  • Dental Office Emergencies Module Outlines
Supplemental Materials: -->
Special Requirements: Course Topic Outlines purchased in Warrington Campus Bookstore
Program Learning Outcomes:
1.   Demonstrate basic knowledge, concepts, and principles of 
     pharmacology as they relate to the clinical practice of dental 

2.   Identify names, actions, and uses of commonly used 
     pharmacologic agents.

3.   Identify the metabolism and excretion of commonly used 
     pharmacologic agents.

4.   Identify side effects, toxicity, and contraindications of 
     commonly used pharmacologic agents.

5.   Describe the treatment for dental office emergencies.

6.   Identify drugs used in specialty areas of dentistry.
Course Learning Outcomes:
1. Explain the anatomy and physiology of the autonomic nervous
   system; indicate the site and action of epinephrine.

2. Identify the name, actions, and uses of the following 
   cardiovascular agents:
    A. norepinephrine
    B. nitrites
    C. xanthines
    D. digitalis
    E. quinidine
    F. epinephrine
    G. propranolol
    H. nifediipine
    I. enalapril

3. Site two reasons for using epinephrine in dentistry.

4. Given any cardiovascular disease listed in the text, suggest 
   drugs that will will alleviate or control the condition.

5. State the role of diuretics in the treatment of myocardial 

6. Define the following:
    A. sedatives
    B. hypnotics
    C. analgesics
    D. tranquilizers

7. State the site of action, breakdown and excreation for long and 
   short acting barbiturates.

8. Identify factors making a patient more susceptible to barbiturate 
   intoxication; describe the treatment for this emergency.

9. State the use, dose and sighe effects of Dilantin.

10. State the action of antipyretic analgesics and give examples.

11. Compare the analgesic strengths of morphine, codeine, and 

12. Identify drugs commonly used for post operative pain in 

13. State the drug used to counteract narcotic CNS depression.

14. Describe the actions and side effects of tranquilizers.

15. List the name and uses of agents used locally to control 

16. Identify three families of anti-coagulants, explain their uses, 
    and give examples of each.

17. Explain treatment used to prevent hemorrhage in patients taking 

18. Recommend post operative care for a patient on anti-coagulant 
    therapy following oral surgery.

19. Recommend steps to prevent complications of dental treatment for 
    a diabetic patient.

20. Describe the general pharmacological action of corticosteroids.

21. List oral and systemic manifestations of primary herpetic 
    gingivo-stomatitis and suggest drugs used in the treatment of 
    this condition.

22. Describe the orgin and general use of antibiotics.

24. List the action of penicillin, and other antibiotics used in 

25. Identify the most common organism found in bacteremias from 
    dental sepsis that causes sub acute bacteria endocarditis.

26. List the effects, adverse reactions and examples of the 
    following drugs: effect,
    A. narcotics
    B. Barbitutrates
    C. benzodiazepines

27. Given an example of an inhalation anesthetic.

28. State two classes of intravenous anesthetic and describe how 
    they are commonly used in dentistry.

29. Define analgesia.

30. Identify commonly used local anesthetics; know composition

31. Describe the treatment for the following emergencies:
    A. syncope
    B. allergic reaction
    C. convulsions or shock
    D. asthmatic shock
    E. broken needle
    F. heart attack
    G. angina

32. Define vasoconstrictor and give examples and rationale for use 
    in dentistry.

33. Identify drugs used in Endodontics, Oral Surgery, Periodontics, 
    edodontics, Orthodontics, General Dentistry, Prosthodontics.

34. Know the dental implications of bisphosphonate drugs.

35. Know use and adverse reactions of antihyperlipidemies.

Methods of Evaluation:

The student's knowledge will be evaluated by the following criteria:

1.  Quiz Grades (5)               100 points (20 points each)
2.  Midterm Grade                  50 points
3.  Final Exam Grade               50 points
4.  Discussion Posts (15)          45 points (3 points each)
5.  Weekly Summary Posts (15)      45 points (3 points each)
6.  Project                        10 points

The course grade is determined by the following:

Total # of points accrued by students
-------------------------------------  =     Course Grade
Total Points Possible (300)     

GRADING SCALE:    100   -   95  A
                   94   -   90  B+
                   89   -   85  B
                   84   -   80  C+
                   79   -   75  C
                   74   -   70  D
                   BELOW    70  F

MAKE-UP QUIZ OR EXAM is at the discretion of the instructor and if 
approved, must be taken with 7 days of the date the exam was given. 
Make-up exams may be in an essay format. Any exam missed will result 
in a grade of zero points.

AMERICAN WITH DISABILITIES ACT:  Any students whose disabilities fall 
within the ADA must inform the instructor at the beginning of the 
term of any special need or equipment necessasry to accomplish the 
requirements for this course.

Flexibility: It is the intention of the instructor to accomplish the objectives specified in the course syllabus. However, circumstances may arise which prohibit the fulfilling of this endeavor. Therefore, this syllabus is subject to change. When possible, students will be notified of any change in advance of its occurrence.

Student Email Accounts: Pensacola State College provides an institutional email account to all credit students. Pirate Mail is the official method of communication, and students must use Pirate Mail when communicating with the College. In cases where companion software is used for a particular class, emails may be exchanged between instructor and student using the companion software.

Note: For students with a disability that falls under the Americans with Disability Act or Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act, it is the responsibility of the student to notify Student Resource Center for ADA Services to discuss any special needs or equipment necessary to accomplish the requirements for this course. Upon completion of registration with the Student Resource Center for ADA Services office, specific arrangements can be discussed with the instructor.

Equity Statement: Pensacola State College does not discriminate against any person on the basis of race, ethnicity, national origin, color, gender/sex, age, religion, marital status, pregnancy, disability, sexual orientation, gender identity, or genetic information in its educational programs, activities or employment. For inquiries regarding Title IX and the college’s nondiscrimination policies, contact the Associate Vice President for Institutional Diversity/Title IX Officer at (850) 484-1759, Pensacola State College, 1000 College Blvd., Pensacola, Florida 32504.